The Song of Мулан is a famous ballad about a heroine of the Northern Dynasties. In this ballad, this heroine is called Mulan. But people always call her Hua Mulan. And in 1998 Hollywood made an animated cartoon Hua Mulan. But this cartoon is a light program, so it can’t Показать a real Mulan. I have seen a movie Joan of Arc which directed by Luc Besson, and this movie hurted seriously the image of a herine that I have known about Joan of Arc since my childhood. So if we want to know about historical persons, we must research true historical materials.
The first image of Мулан was a young woman who was born in modern-days Shangqiu, Henan Province in the early days of the Western Han Dynasty. Her surname was Wei. In the period of Han Wen-Emperor, Hun invaded the border, and the government conscripted armymen. Wei Мулан took the place of her father Wei Ying and joined the army. Unfortunately, she died in battle. The government gave her a Название “Xiaolie” which means filial piety and heroism.
The секунда image of Мулан was a woman in Sui Dynasty. Her surname was Wei, too. She was the oldest child in her family, and her brothers were young. She was very worried about her old father, so when she heard the order of enlistment which resisted Turks, she was in man's clothing and took the place of her father for joining army. Мулан was wise and brave, so she was promoted to a general, but no one knew she was a woman. When the war ended, Sui Yang-Emperor gave high position and handsome salary to her, but Мулан politely refused. Мулан returned howntown, and dressed in woman’s clothing. Her battle companions were very surprised. Sui Yang-Emperor heard this information, and summoned Mulan. This despotic emperor admired the young woman and wanted her to be his concubine. Мулан said, “There isn’t a ritual that a minister becomes the spouse of a monarch.” Sui Yang-Emperor forced her, and she killed herself for moral integrity. The emperor killed many persons, and he lacked benevolence. But at this time, he was sad over the death of Mulan, and gave her a Название “Xiaolie”.
The third image of Мулан was born in the early days of Tang Dynasty. Her surname was Zhu. At that time, Turks often invaded the border. Zhu Mulan’s father was ill, so Мулан dressed in man’s clothing and enlisted. And at this time, she was only 14 years old. She got battle achievements, and Tang Tai-Zong who was a great emperor of Tang Династия wanted her to be a general. But she declined with thanks, and returned her hometown. The emperor admired her. He gave her a Название “Wuzhao-General”, and gave her the royal surname Li. But afterwards a prognosticator augured a woman whose surname was Wu would take the place of the ruling of Li’s royal family. Some crafty sycophants took advantage of the occasion and incriminated “Wuzhao-General” Zhu Mulan. Tai-Zong believed the slander, and sent messengers to the hometown and summoned her. Мулан was clever, and found the reason of summoning her. She wrote a memorial to the трон and pleaded for her. In order to Показать her innocent heart, she cut her chest open, and died.
The fourth image of Мулан was a valiant woman in Tang Dynasty. This Mulan’s surname was Ren. In the later days of Tang Empire, there were armed rebellions in many regions. People had to organize to resist the rebel forces for their lives. Ren Мулан was born in a rich family. In order to defend her hometown, she spent all riches of her family and enlisted thousands of Храбрая сердцем men to organize an army. Ren Мулан dressed in man’s armor. By herself, she led her army to assault the enemies, and defeated the rebel army utterly.
In Ming Dynasty, a litterateur Xu Wei wrote a drama about Мулан and gave her a surname Hua. So Мулан started to be called Hua Mulan. The image of Hua Мулан was Популярное in many operas, so people gradually forgot the real surname of Мулан and only remember Hua Mulan.
Why were the names of such several women Mulan? In fact, except a real Mulan, the same names of other women were дана by later people, because they were influenced by the Song of Mulan. The stories of several Мулан were mainly recorded in essayistic Книги или county annals in the past several hundred years. Maybe they were from ancient legends. Though there were heroines who did as the story of the Song of Mulan, their names were not Mulan, and later people called them Mulan.
In the Song of Mulan, the image of Мулан is possibly Wei Мулан of Sui Dynasty, because Sui Династия was always thought to be one of the Northern Dynasties, and the time was similar to the time when that ballad appeared. The end of the ballad is that Мулан returned her hometown, dressed in woman’s clothing and met her battle companions. This shows the kind wishes of people, because people hope their heroine has a perfect ending. But the real history was always cruel. Not only Joan of Arc, but also Mulan, they died tragically. I’d rather remember the real Mulan, because the truth can cause a person to thought еще and deeper. Those young women fought for their motherland, but they couldn’t get a good ending. However, filial and patriotic people still strive for their dear nation generation by generation. We can’t forget those heroic women, because they did what men ought to do.