Anime (アニメ?, [anime] ( listen); i/ˈænɨmeɪ/ или /ˈɑːnɨmeɪ/) is the Japanese abbreviated pronunciation of "animation." In Western countries, Аниме refers to a style of Анимация originating in Japan, characterized by colorful graphics and often featuring themes intended for an adult audience. The intended meaning of the word 'anime' sometimes varies, depending on the context, and does not necessarily define all examples of Анимация produced in Japan. While the earliest known Japanese Анимация dates to 1917, and many original Japanese animations were produced in the ensuing decades, the characteristic Аниме style developed in the 1960s—notably with the work of Osamu Tezuka—and became known outside Япония in the 1980s. Anime, like manga, has a large audience in Япония and recognition throughout the world. Distributors can release Аниме via Телевидение broadcasts, directly to video, или theatrically, as well as online. Both hand-drawn and computer-animated Аниме exist. It is used in Телевидение series, films, video, video games, commercials, and internet-based releases, and represents most, if not all, genres of fiction. As the market for Аниме increased in Japan, it also gained popularity in East and Southeast Asia. Аниме is currently Популярное in many different regions around the world.